Borderline personality disorder – PubMed Health
Many People are not aware of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), so here are some fun facts from a quoted source. I say “fun” because I have to make light of life and throw humor in wherever possible. My mental struggles are nothing to laugh about, but if I am the one laughing, join in! Laughter is good for the soul.
Over the years, I have known that I suffered and was diagnosed with Depression, and Bipolar Disorder (which from here on out I will refer to Manic Depression), but Borderline Personality Disorder was new to me. A couple years ago it had been mentioned in therapy but nothing ever came of it. Then, during this past summer, it was added to my list of brain malfunctions. HAHAHA. I didn’t care one bit. I like to think of myself as a piece of art… always a work in progress… so I don’t mind the extra work needed to mold me into who I wish to be. We are all striving to find who we are… and we are all working on the person we want to be, that we KNOW we can be, and the person we WILL become with due diligence. And I believe that goes for everyone, mood disorders or not.
I have the privilege of knowing several men that have severe forms of Autism, Mental Retardation, and Schizophrenia. These men are in their 50′s and 60′s, and they are constantly working on who they are to this day. They amaze me each time I get to visit with them. They are not stagnant, they continually learn social skills, motor skills, and they have special talents unique to themselves. They humble me, put my life into perspective.
And so I embrace my mood disorders. They will help me become great. They will help mold me into the Mom I know I will be, the Wife I know I will be, the very person I STRIVE to be daily.
“Borderline personality disorder is a condition in which people have long-term patterns of unstable or turbulent emotions, such as feelings about themselves and others.
These inner experiences often cause them to take impulsive actions and have chaotic relationships.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The causes of borderline personality disorder (BPD) are unknown. Genetic, family, and social factors are thought to play roles.
Risk factors for BPD include:
- Abandonment in childhood or adolescence
- Disrupted family life
- Poor communication in the family
- Sexual abuse
This personality disorder tends to occur more often in women and among hospitalized psychiatric patients.
People with BPD are often uncertain about their identity. As a result, their interests and values may change rapidly.
People with BPD also tend to see things in terms of extremes, such as either all good or all bad. Their views of other people may change quickly. A person who is looked up to one day may be looked down on the next day. These suddenly shifting feelings often lead to intense and unstable relationships.
Other symptoms of BPD include:
- Fear of being abandoned
- Feelings of emptiness and boredom
- Frequent displays of inappropriate anger
- Impulsiveness with money, substance abuse, sexual relationships, binge eating, or shoplifting
- Intolerance of being alone
- Repeated crises and acts of self-injury, such as wrist cutting or overdosing
Signs and tests
Like other personality disorders, BPD is diagnosed based on a psychological evaluation and the history and severity of the symptoms.
Many types of individual talk therapy, such as dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), can successfully treat BPD. In addition, group therapy can help change self-destructive behaviors.
In some cases, medications can help level mood swings and treat depression or other disorders that may occur with this condition.
The outlook depends on how severe the condition is and whether the person is willing to accept help. With long-term talk therapy, the person will often gradually improve.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you or your child has symptoms of borderline personality disorder. It is especially important to seek help right away if you or your child is having thoughts of suicide.”
- Blais MA, Smallwood P, Groves JE, Rivas-Vazquez RA. Personality and personality disorders. In: Stern TA, Rosenbaum JF, Fava M, Biederman J, Rauch SL, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2008:chap 39.
Review Date: 11/15/2010.
Reviewed by: Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and David B. Merrill, MD, Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director,